Men's Style Terminology

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Termsort descending Definition
Madder

Refers to a natural dye used since ancient times, although it has since been translated into synthetic dye. Most commonly used on silk, it creates beautiful deep, muted, soft colorations usually paired with paisley and small geometric patterns in neckties. Indusrty professionals refer to it as Ancient Madder.

Madras

A bold plaid plain-weave fabric. This lightweight fabric was originally hand woven in Madras, India from cotton yarns dyed with native vegetable colorings.

Medalian

A piece of carved or engraved metal that is usually circular in shape. Can also represent a medallion print on fabric.

Melange

Refers to two different color threads twisted together, creating a heather effect.

Mercerized Cotton

A special kind of cotton yarn that is more lustrous than conventional cotton. It is also stronger, takes dye easily, makes the yarn more resistant to mildew and reduces lint. Mercerized yarn stays shiny through washing and gives a nice, somewhat fancier look to finished items. Mercerization is named for John Mercer, who developed the process and received a patent for his work in 1851. Mercer found that adding caustic soda or sulfuric acid to cotton made the fiber swell and straighten. However, in 1890 Horace Lowe developed a process by which caustic soda was added to the yarn under high tension, which added the luster that mercerized cotton is famous for today.

Merino Wool

A better-quality wool yarn made from the fleece of merino sheep. Merino sheep are said to have the finest and softest wool of any sheep.

Microfiber

Continuous filament fibers that can be spun to be thinner than a silk thread and therefore allows manmade fibers to have an array of aesthetic and performance qualities. Microfiber is used to make non-woven, woven and knitted fabrics. The combinations of synthetic fibers can add specific characteristics, such as softness, durability, absorption, wicking abilities and water repellency.

Mill Finish

Mill finish or semi-mill finish is used to describe the soft, downy effects of fulling and/or napping. Some finishing techniques, such as fulling, have been in use with hand-weaving for centuries. The finish gives a "fluff" to the material making it look like a flannel, but without the weight.

Mock Neck

A knit pullover finished at the neckline with a short, fitted knit band that does not fold over. An abbreviated version of the turtleneck.

Modal

Fiber made by spinning reconstituted cellulose from beech trees. Textiles made from Modal have soft, smooth surfaces are water-absorbent and resistant to shrinkage and fading.

Mohair

Mohair comes from the Angora goat. Best breeding on very dry land. South Africa and U.S.A. are the leading producers. Very fine, lustrous, but slightly brittle fiber. Used in summer weigh suitings and tuxedos. Often mixed with worsted or silk.

Moleskin

A heavy cotton fabric, woven and then sheared to create a short soft pile on one side. Well-known for its buttery-soft, almost suede-like hand, moleskin cotton is also long-wearing and substantial.

Monk Strap

A casual or dress shoe with a single or double strap closure, usually with an adjustable buckle.

Mother-of-Pearl

The lining of an oyster or type of mullusk which is iridescent and lustrous. This high quality, luxurious material is often used in cufflinks.

MP3 Pocket

Found on certain sportcoats, the convenient interior MP3 pocket has a safety closure and ear bud.